In 1982, indoor cycling trainers were in their design infancy. Sure, rollers had been around many years, but few individuals were athletic enough to ride them safely.
The first trainer I had was a bulky device that hummed like a jet turbine the faster you rode. Nonetheless, it served its purpose well that is until one late February I was "spinning" away when a piece of the turbine fan came loose and turned into a projectile, whizzing by my ear at breathtaking speed and embedding itself into my front room wall. The next week I bought myself a set of rollers.
Rollers are the choice equipment for anyone who is serious about their cycling, impact on equipment and value time. You cannot get anywhere near the riding effect riding in a class, on an indoor trainer or using any type of device that attaches to the frame of the bike. Rollers teach balance and perhaps an even more effective spin than road riding. And rollers, in my opinion, are 2:1 in time vs. the road in most circumstances. Theres just no stopping on the rollers.
In 1983 I started coaching a group of talented triathletes, several of whom were top 10 and 20 at the Ironman with times that still today would be competitive. Also, I had several international distance world-ranked athletes, which made for a unique group of highly gifted and competitive athletes.
Weekly during the winter and at times, summer, I'd have them all over to the house and on the deck I'd run a group "turbo" workout. One year we had the "Turbo Bowl" on Super Bowl Sunday. Yes, we turboed the whole game. Thank goodness I've lost my interest in watching football.
The workouts always began with the athletes in the small chain ring, where I would have them concentrate on various sectors of the spin and revolutions. Those sectors being the downstroke, backstroke, upstroke and overstroke. Soon, I had them "spinning" at what I called "HRPM Spinning," or "high revolutions per minute." Sometimes they'd reach 130 rpm's.
I found this type of spinning to be most effective in teaching a most efficient spin and thus, included this regularly. In particular, after anaerobic threshold, V02 and lactate efforts, I had the athletes spinning at minimums of 100 rpm. During race-pace intervals the rpm was 90.
Perhaps the best drill I used was the "One Leg Spin" or OLS. Simply, I had the athletes emphasize the spin with the right leg and let the left follow without force. Then switch over to the left. Over time, I realized the best way to teach this was when using the small chain ring and say, a 21 cog. This gearing forced the athlete to remain focused on the spin where a more forceful gear would not.
"Descending One Leg Spinning" then became the drill of choice. Start out with say, 10 with the right and 10 with the left, then nine right, nine left, eight seven six and so on. Follow the drill with a normal spin for about 60 seconds.
You can do this drill on the road or trainer, and along with dozens of other possible drills you can make your turbo training fun.
Here's a workout in detail:
1. Warm up in small chain ring at hrpm spinning start a 90 end at 105 for 20 minutes.
TF Drills 2 (4 x 2 minutes) two sets of the following:
- Work the downstroke (forward and downward)
- Descending One Leg Spins from 20
- 4 x 30 seconds alternating One Leg Spins
- hrpm at 110 and 115 for 1 minute each
- 6 x 6 minutes at 40K pace plus 1 minute rest
- Or, 8 x 3 minutes plus 30 seconds rest
- 3 x 3 minutes at 100, 110 and 115 rpm
- 10 minutes of one-leg spins alternating every 30 seconds
Marc Evans is the President of www.evanscoaching.com and former USA triathlon team head coach, author of Endurance Athlete's Edge and inventor of the Speedo SwimFoil hand paddle. Marc coaches endurance athletes around the world and from his Olympic-like training center in Northern California.