In triathlon, there's no choice: You have to run (or at least walk) after riding your bike to reach the finish line. No run, no finisher's medal.
In training, you have a choice. Everyone agrees that triathletes need to run after some bike rides by way of preparing to do the same in races, but there's also a consensus that it's not necessary to run after every ride. So what's the sweet spot? How regularly should you follow a ride with an immediate run?
According to the top coaches, it depends. Among the factors to consider in planning this aspect of your training are your experience level, your schedule, your susceptibility to injury and how your body responds to this type of training.
There are two basic types of bike-run workouts you can do. A "brick" consists of a full bike workout followed immediately by a full run workout. A transition run is a short run after a full bike ride. Whereas bricks prepare the athlete more comprehensively for the race experience, transition runs are more narrowly focused on preparing the athlete for the transition from riding to running.
Because they are more stressful and time-consuming, bricks cannot be done as often as transition runs. According to coach Cliff English, whether you do occasional bricks or more frequent transition runs should depend on the distance of your races. "The long-course athletes I coach usually do one brick per week," he says. "Short-course athletes do multiple short transition runs."
A second factor to consider is your level of experience in the sport. "The newer the athlete is to triathlon, the more valuable transition runs can be to get them used to running off the bike," says Tim Crowley, a coach whose athletes include Olympian Jarrod Shoemaker. As a beginner you will probably notice that transition runs yield big improvements in your ability to run off the bike. As you gain experience, you might find that you become less dependent on transition runs to maintain the ability to run well after pedaling, and as that happens, you can reduce the frequency.
Some triathletes perform frequent transition runs—as often as after every bike ride—not because they need to, but simply to save time.
"Training in three sports and getting reasonable frequency is a challenge, so this is a time-efficient way to maintain run frequency," says coach Lance Watson.
Another potential benefit of frequent transition runs is injury prevention. According to coach Matt Dixon, "Adding short runs off the bike is a great way to increase frequency without overloading the athlete from a musculoskeletal standpoint."
While frequent transition runs may help you fit it all in and avoid injury, coaches caution against depending on them. "It's important to run on fresh legs sometimes," says Crowley.
While there's no magic number for frequency of post-ride runs, a few basic considerations will help you settle on a number that works best for you.
Bike-Run Workouts Defined
- Full bike workout + full run workout
- Prepare athletes for race experience
- Most important for long-course athletes
- Short 10 to 20 minute run after full bike
- Prepare athletes for ride to run transition
- Most important for beginners and shortcourse athletes
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