YOU NEED CALORIES
Skimping on fuel will slow down the healing process: Even though you're not running and are less active, your metabolism goes up after an injury. That's because your body has to burn calories to build new tissue to repair muscles and tendons.
Healing Fix: Don't skip meals. Eat at least every five hours to keep up your energy. Weigh yourself weekly to make sure you're at a healthy weight.
YOU NEED PROTEIN
Postinjury your body breaks down more protein than it can make, causing the injured muscle to atrophy. Not eating enough protein can make matters worse. The amino acid leucine (a protein building block) may help prevent some of the protein loss common with injuries.
Healing Fix: Add quality protein to every meal. The best sources include eggs, chicken, lean beef, pork, seafood, soy, and low-fat dairy. Aim for a total of 60 to 90 grams daily.
YOU NEED OMEGA-3S
These essential fats are good for joint and heart health, but when you're injured, they may also suppress inflammation that can hamper the healing process. Studies also show that getting more omega-3s in your diet may help decrease muscle atrophy.
Healing Fix: Eat at least two servings of omega-3-rich seafood, like salmon, a week. Add walnuts and flaxseed meal or oil to smoothies. Buy eggs enriched with omega-3s.
YOU NEED VITAMIN D
Vitamin D plays a key role in rebuilding bone after a stress or regular fracture. Since your body naturally produces it when exposed to sunlight, your circulating levels drop during the winter months, making it crucial to add this nutrient to your diet.
Healing Fix: Boost your intake of vitamin-D rich foods, including canned salmon and milk. Make sure your yogurt is fortified. Consider taking a supplement with 1,000 to 2,000 IU of vitamin D daily.