What it Takes to Make a Break

The hardest part of racing is the battle to establish the breakaway. Suddenly, all bets are off and friendships are tossed away like discarded water bottles. It's exciting to watch but hell to live through for professionals. But what are the exact physiological requirements needed to make a break successful?

The Stuff They Don't Show on TV

We're spoiled with TV coverage of racing. With a few clicks of the computer mouse, we can find live feed from the biggest Euro races. You can also find it on YouTube shortly afterwards. When the coverage begins, what we usually see is a breakaway up ahead in a steady rotation, with the peloton rolling along at a steady pace some minutes behind.

More: Breaking Down a Cyclist's Warmup

This coverage is nice, but it also misses the best and often hardest part of the race, and that's the first hour when the breakaway becomes established. Riders are constantly attacking off the front, individually or in small groups, while the peloton chases every attempt down until the right combination is allowed to go up the road.

With such a frantic first part of the race, the pace may average over 50 kilometers per hour for 1 to 2 hours. The pace is so aggressive from the gun that some pros are now warming up on trainers before heading off to race for 4 to 5 hours.

More: Making the Winning Break

How Is it Done?

As with all aspects of smart training, the best way to train for racing is to understand the demands and then figure out how to train to meet those demands.

The scientific literature reports professional riders' power outputs for single day and stage races. However, knowing what we know now about the doping epidemic, it has become nearly useless to treat them as anything but science fiction. And now, thanks to pervasive paranoia, pros guard their power numbers closer than the neighborhood Rottweiler guards its bone.

More: 9 Ways to Calm Your Pre-Race Nerves

What we can do, of course, is to use our own power meters to record what happens during the hardest parts of racing, whether that is on the first parts of the race when the group is sorting itself out, the tough climb of a circuit race or the final kilometers. The challenge comes when we're not yet strong enough to make the selection. How do we get data when we're off the back?

Scouting by Strava

One piece of technological manna from heaven has been the almost ubiquitous adoption of Strava by tech-obsessed cyclists. For every hill worth climbing, there is a Strava segment, and going through the rankings to spot familiar names will give you a very clear insight into how fast you need to be able to climb particular hills to keep up with competitors in your category.

More: Going Uphill Fast With Power

About the Author

PezCycling News: We tap into what's cool in elite level pro cycling and make the news fun. Check out our off-beat rider interviews, top level tech reviews, weekly training and fitness articles, cool stories on top rides, race news and reports the way we like 'em, the lovely Daily Distractions and cool stories you can't find anywhere else. Get Pez'd today.

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